History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science

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History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science

Please be advised that item s you selected are not available. Your Kindle email address Please provide your Kindle email. When thinking analytically about the physical world, people appear to do the opposite. Jack is an associate professor of philosophy at Case Western Reserve and research director of the university's Inamori International Center of Ethics and Excellence, which helped sponsor the research.


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They actually might claim they are less intelligent. In a series of eight experiments, the researchers found the more empathetic the person, the more likely he or she is religious. That finding offers a new explanation for past research showing women tend to hold more religious or spiritual worldviews than men. The gap may be because women have a stronger tendency toward empathetic concern than men.

Atheists, the researchers found, are most closely aligned with psychopaths--not killers, but the vast majority of psychopaths classified as such due to their lack of empathy for others. The other authors are Jared Friedman, a research assistant and recent graduate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science who will begin his PhD in organizational behavior at Case Western Reserve in the fall, and Scott Taylor, assistant professor of organizational behavior at Babson College.

The research is based on the hypothesis that the human brain has two opposing domains in constant tension. When presented with a physics problem or ethical dilemma, a healthy brain fires up the appropriate network while suppressing the other. It appeals to an essentially nonmaterial way of understanding the world and our place in it. Friedman said, "Having empathy doesn't mean you necessarily have anti-scientific beliefs.

History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science by John William Draper

The researchers examined the relationship between belief in God or a universal spirit with measures of analytic thinking and moral concern in eight different experiments, each involving to adults. Consistently through all eight, the more religious the person, the more moral concern they showed.

But no cause and effect was established. They found that both spiritual belief and empathic concern were positively associated with frequency of prayer, meditations and other spiritual or religious practices, but neither were predicted by church dinners or other social contact associated with religious affiliation. While others theorize that mentalizing--interpreting human behavior in terms of intentional mental states such as needs, desires or purposes--has a positive association with belief, the researchers found none.

Like other studies, these experiments showed that analytic thinking discourages acceptance of spiritual or religious beliefs. But the statistical analysis of data pooled from all eight experiments indicates empathy is more important to religious belief than analytic thinking is for disbelief. Those noted individuals were intellectually sophisticated enough to see that there is no need for religion and science to come into conflict.

They refer to Baruch Aba Shalev's book years of Nobel Prizes, which found that, from to , Nobel laureates, or nearly 90 percent, belonged to one of 28 religions. The remaining The researchers agree with the New Atheists that suspension of analytical thinking--at the wrong time--can be dangerous, and point to the historical use of religious differences to persecute or fight wars. The researchers suggest, however, that taking a carefully considered leap of religious faith appears be an effective route to promoting emotional insight.

Where Does the Conflict Between Science & Faith Come From